There are several cannabis seeds growers can choose from on the market. These seeds have different backgrounds and unique qualities. Here is all you need to know about the various cannabis seeds so you can make an informed decision.
Feminized seeds are produced by specially treated female cannabis plants. The major difference between regular and feminized seeds is that they produce only 100 percent female plants. This is great news for modern day cannabis grower since it is only the female that produces all the bud. In the past, cloning the mother plant is the only method that guarantees an all-female grow.
Feminized seeds are produced by “shocking” a specially selected potent female with colloidal silver which causes them to produce male characteristics. They repeat this process for about 2 weeks until it produces female plants that produce pollen. It is important to buy these seeds from those cannabis breeders who know what they are doing because feminized seeds are difficult to produce.
Popular feminized strains include SFV OG Kush, Purple Punch, Gold Leaf, Tahoe Kush, Cinderella 99, Mazar Seeds, Gorilla Glue #4, and many more.
These types of seeds can help to simplify the cannabis growing process. The seeds are designed to flower automatically, so they need not change light cycles. You also do not have to worry about removing the male plants. Autoflowering seeds are mixed cannabis strain known as Ruderalis, and they developed it in central Russia. The condition in this area is harsh, so the plant did not have to wait for warmer weather, so they flower on their own schedule.
Autoflowering seeds are ideal for beginners since many of the complicated steps involved with cultivating a healthy cannabis plant have been removed. Autoflowering cannabis seeds result in high-quality cannabis and they don’t require removing the male plants or change the light source. These seeds are also ideal for open grounds or areas that don’t have ideal growing conditions.
Autoflowering seeds can produce up to 2 outdoor crops in a typical summer or even more sometimes. In an indoor setting, they can fully mature as fast as 10 weeks. These seeds are quite resilient and can resist frost, pests, and mold more than other types of cannabis seeds. You will get higher yields from autoflowering cannabis seeds if you use an intense light source. However, even without high light intensity they can still give you reasonable yields.
Autoflowering seeds have elevated cannabinoid levels with no intense or consistent light. They can also handle light pollution; this makes them great for growing in regions with short summers. Some popular autoflowering strains include CBD White Widow, Jack Herer, Blueberry, Auto Bubba Kush, and many more.
Regular seeds are the seeds that started it all. Before autoflowering and feminized seeds were developed, we had regular seeds which were approximately 50% male and female 50%. So the yield was typically 50/50, and it required double work to get a good amount of cannabis. Regular cannabis seeds can bud either male or female plants or both.
Regular seeds are a more authentic approach for experienced cannabis seed collectors. But it is best to go with feminized seeds if you have never used them before as they are more rewarding and straightforward. These types of seeds require more maintenance in terms of temperature, lighting, and the time you will invest in removing the male plants.
Female plants have a heavy resin coating layer. The resin is thick and sticky and it helps the female plant to naturally, quickly, and easily capture the pollen produced by the male plants. The female becomes fertilized once it captures the pollen, and it produces the seed. When the female plants may not pollinate, they produce a high amount of resin.
Unfertilized females lead to trichomes production which is responsible for providing psychoactive high and medical properties. Therefore, a non-pollinated cannabis plant is more potent than the fertilized ones. Popular strains include Kashmir Kush, White Fire Alien Kush, and Agent Orange.
These are feminized plants specially cultivated for the medicinal marijuana user. It is a fact that most cannabis types are appropriate for medicinal purposes; however, some are more appropriate than others because they produce more active substances. They use CBD strains to cure pain, nausea, bad blood circulation, muscle tensions, spasms, loss of appetite, difficulty in sleeping, hormonal complaints, and sexual complaints. Popular CBD seeds include HiLo, CBD White Widow, CBD Super Silver Haze, Northern Lights, CBD Jack Herer, CBD Critical Mass, and many more.
These types of cannabis seed originate from countries like Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, and some parts of Eastern Europe. Mostly, pure indica genetics have strong Himalayan roots and the hippies introduced it to the western countries. Indica cannabis seeds are usually compact and short and they don’t grow beyond six feet.
The distance between the nodes and the intermodal is usually very short. The leaves are typically thick with broad leaflets. Indica seeds have a short flowering period, usually between 45 to 65 days. The plants mature and finish growing faster than Sativa strains. Indica strains are very popular among cannabis growers because of their higher yields and shorter flowering periods.
Their short stature makes them ideal for indoor growing or where there is limited space. Indica cannabis strains are sedative in nature, making them ideal for treating medical symptoms such as insomnia, anxiety, muscle tremors and spasms, as well as chronic pain. Popular indica cannabis strains include Northern Light, Purple Kush, Granddaddy Purple, Ice Wreck, Aurora Indica, and Blue Mystic.
Cannabis cultivators often choose sativa strains for their cerebral effects and uplifting highs. Although pure cannabis sativa strains take longer to flower than pure indica strains, its outstanding yields will reward you for your efforts. One of the most popular sativa strains legendary Haze usually takes up to 12 weeks to flower in an indoor setting.
These seeds are native to the world’s leading cannabis growing regions such as Mexico, Thailand, Columbia, and Indica. Sativa varieties are ideal for those who enjoy herb throughout the day and its uplifting high makes it perfect for creative works. Cannabis sativa strain can deliver amazing results for Hydro growers with some training.
Although contemporary sativa strains can grow to a height of 3m or more when grown outdoors, especially in Mediterranean climates, selective breeding and hybridization have made buds denser and reduced flowering time. Sativa cannabis strains will have wider gaps between the internodes, thinner leaves, and rapid vertical growth during their vegetative stage until harvest day.
Popular Sativa strains include Amnesia Haze, Haze Berry, Shining Silver Haze, Royal Marde, Sour Diesel, Royal Moby, Hulkberry, Royal AK, and Dance World.
They breed hybrid seeds from different strains of cannabis to produce certain features and effects. This is man-made attempt to customize plants with certain characteristics typically found in sativa, indica, and ruderalis strains. Successful hybrid seed inherits the best qualities from their parents. Often, hybrids provide a more balanced combination of sativa and indica effects.
Sometimes, hybrids can inherit a short flowering time from the indica strain while it retains the cerebral high of the sativa strain. Also, they can have the quality yields of indica along with the fast vegetative growth of the sativa. The reason they make up most of the strains on the market is that they can blend attributes of each strain. Popular hybrid seeds include Bruce Banner #3, Gorilla Glue #4, Blue Dream, Granddaddy Purple, and many more.