What is Cannaoil? “Cannaoil” is short for cannabis oil, which is oil that is infused with cannabinoids (such as THC) that have been extracted from cannabis. These cannabinoids are what give cannabis it’s medical and hallucinogenic properties. Cannaoil can be used to make almost any food that includes oil or butter. These “edibles” are frequently used both recreationally and in the medical marijuana scene. Brownies, muffins, pastries and other bakery products are common for using cannabis oil or cannabis butter.
In the following procedure we will show you the correct way to create cannabis butter. We will also include recipes and recommendations for specific treats as well as highly the pros and cons of using cannaoil instead of cannabutter.
The process for preparing cannaoil and cannabutter are similar, so you may notice some overlap in the process. Both cannaoil and cannabutter will give similar effects. The main thing to consider when choosing which to use is the amount of time you have and what the recipe calls for. Though you can use oil instead of butter, it may be best to use butter in a recipe that calls for butter and vice versa. Cannabutter is considered easier by some; however, it takes much longer, so cannaoil is recommend for projects that have a short finishing time. Cannaoil can be completed in an oil, whereas cannabutter usually takes overnight.
Step One – Prepare Materials
Cannaoil is fairly easy to create and can be done much faster than cannabutter. It can be used in any edible that requires oil in the ingredients list. This is a step-by-step picture tutorial on how to create cannaoil.
Before you begin, collect the materials you’ll need as well as all ingredients. Gather everything beforehand.
- herb or coffee grinder (Krups Coffee Grinder| Sharp Crusher Herb Grinder)
- measuring cup (Pyrex Measuring Cup)
- medium pan or pot (preferably with a lid) (T-Fal Pan with Lid)
- stirring utensil (T-Fal Pan with Lid)
- large bowl (Large Bowl)
- saran wrap (Plastic Wrap)
- cheese cloth (or wire strainer) (Cheese Cloth | Wire Strainer)
The amount of ingredients you need depends on the amount of cannaoil you desire. The more cannabis you use the more potent your oil will be. Below are some recommended measurements. For exact measurements check out our recipes in the main menu.
The type of oil does not matter much. Vegetable oil, canola oil, olive oil and most other cooking oils will all work. Cannabinoids bind to fat, so oils that are high in fats may be more effective but any oil will do.
Most recipes call for 1 cup oil per ½ – 1 ounce mid-grade cannabis or 1/8 to 1/2 ounce high-grade cannabis. Unless you’re making a whole container of oil in advance, you should use the amount of oil included in your recipe. Don’t get too bogged down on the amount of oil or cannabis you use since the bud quality is what determines potency. Follow your recipe to make sure your edibles turn out okay.
*You can use less oil to make it more potent or more oil to make it less potent.
**The amount of cannabis used is subjective, since marijuana’s potency can differ drastically.
The potency of your cannaoil is directly related to the amount and quality of cannabis you use as well as how well you prepare it. Trim, shake, and stems can be used so as not to be wasted but will add little to your oil’s potency. The most important factor is the quality of your cannabis. The higher the quality the more potent your oil will be – or the less you’ll need to use for the same effects.
Step Two – Grind the Cannabis
In this step we will prepare the materials before starting the cooking process.
Collect the cannabis, and grind it into a very fine powder. This step is one of the most important. You want to end up with all the material as small as you can get it. This ensures a higher quality end product. Also remove all seeds and stems from mix. Use a herb or coffee grinder to create the powder. You can also crush it with your hands or a spoon. This step may take a while, depending on how much cannabis you are using. If you’re using an ounce of cannabis, this can take a while, possibly 30 – 60 minutes or more.
When grinding the cannabis, you can use a herb grinder specifically designed for cannabis. These often aren’t sufficient unless you own a high quality grinder. A coffee grinder will also work very well.
Once you’ve ground your cannabis in a very fine powder, it should something like this:
Again, keep in mind that grinding it into a very fine powder is essential for a quality product.
Step Three – Mixing and Cooking
In this step you will mix and heat the cannabis and oil to begin the cannabinoid-extracting process. Note that it’s possible to do this without heat, it just takes longer. You can add the ground cannabis to the oil and let it sit for at least three days. This should have a similar effect as heating it on the oven for 20 to 30 minutes. Letting it sit for a few weeks will make it more potent.
In this step, however, we will use the conventional heating technique. Heat your oven to a simmer. This is important – you want to use the lowest setting on your stove-top. If you heat the oil too high you’ll burn and destroy the THC making your product worthless. Heat the oil. Gradually begin adding the finely ground cannabis to the mix over a period of about 5 minutes.
When heating, you may see some darkening of the cannabis. This is a good thing. However, if it turns completely brown, especially right away, this is a bad sign and you probably have your heat to high. If you notice it turning a darker green and sinking to the bottom, do not be alarmed. Boiling is also a bad sign. You want it at a simmer, which is likely the lowest setting on your oven. If you can’t tell, make sure to pay careful attention to the process. Watch for bubbles.
Once you’ve added all of the cannabis, let it simmer. Stir it for at least 20 minutes after adding all the cannabis. For best results, wait 40 minutes. While heating it for longer may extract any remaining THC, the amount remaining may be negligible. By 40 minutes most cannabinoids have already been extracted into the oil.
If you’re in a hurry, 20 – 30 minutes should do. The main thing is to ensure that you don’t overheat your cannaoil.
Step Four – Extracting the Oil
Once you’ve extracted the THC from the cannabis and into the oil, it’s time to remove the oil from the remaining cannabis. Aside from ensuring you don’t overheat, this is the next most delicate step. In this step you’re removing the remaining plant material from the oil. The oil will have most of the THC and cannabinoid content whereas the buds will have little to none. Because of this you can throw away the remaining marijuana.
In this step you’ll need some sort of strainer or filter. Ideally, you’ll have a cheese cloth, which works best. Pour the contents of your pan carefully through your cheese cloth or filter. This step may be difficult. If you don’t have anything you can use as a filter, carefully pour the oil into a new container while using a spoon or utensil to contain the remaining cannabis. You want to keep as much cannabis as possible from entering your new oil container. Remember – the cannabis probably won’t get you high. Any plant material that remains in your oil will probably only make your edibles taste more like cannabis, which is unfortunately not a good taste. Creating a pure oil ensures the highest quality and best tasting edibles. It may be prudent to strain your cannaoil more than once.
Once you’ve done this, you’re finished! Unlikely cannabutter, cannaoil does not need to be refrigerated prior to use. You’re now ready to use your newly-created cannaoil in your first cannabis edible recipe! Enjoy. Be sure to check out our cannabis brownies and other recipes.